A list of countries with which the United States currently has totalization agreements and copies of these agreements can be accessed under U.S. international social security agreements. When several states are involved, the EC`s social security provisions determine the country that must pay the benefits and the applicable national legislation. The basic principles are simple: if a worker is not entitled to benefits in his country of origin or in the host country because the deadlines are not met, a totalisation agreement between the two countries can provide a solution. The agreement allows the worker to add up the time spent between the two sites and to recover social security benefits in one of the countries, provided that a minimum amount is reached in one or both countries. If, for example, in the United States, the combined credits in both countries allow the worker to meet the eligibility requirements, a partial benefit may be paid on the basis of the proportion of the person`s total career in the paying country. In addition, many countries have complex social security systems, such as social security systems. B that depend on the nature of the work. In these cases, a totalization agreement should set out very explicit policies and restrictions that may not apply in other countries. The provisions to eliminate dual coverage for workers are similar in all U.S. agreements.
Each of them establishes a basic rule regarding the location of the employment of a workforce. Under this basic ”territorial rule,” a worker who would otherwise be covered by both the United States and a foreign regime is subject exclusively to the coverage laws of the country in which he or she works. The agreements cover a period of two to five years depending on the host country and require at least one valid contribution in Canada to allow a person to receive benefits in Canada. Spain and Portugal are covered by both a bilateral agreement and the Treaty of the Ibero-American Social Security Organization. These objective rules include the following rules, which may not apply to any agreement reached by the United States: Under these agreements, Australia equates social security/stay periods in those countries with periods of residence in Australia in order to meet minimum qualification periods for Australian pensions.