On 25 January, Brexit Minister Stephen Barclay published a list of bilateral agreements that are almost ready to be signed or about to be concluded. Trade agreements have already been signed with respect to mutual recognition of compliance assessment with Australia and New Zealand, wine trade with Australia and trade in live animals and animal products with New Zealand. Along with the East and South African states, Chile, the Faroe Islands, Switzerland, the Caribbean and the Palestinian Authority, the signing of free trade agreements was about to be signed. The free trade agreement texts have been finalized with Israel, Canada, the Pacific States, SACU, Mozambique, Norway and Iceland. Mutual recognition agreements have also been concluded with the United States. The government`s non-agreed impact assessment published on 26 February indicated that it was ”urgently studying” the emergency options for which the talks were not in place, including interim enforcement and transition mechanisms (e.g. B Memorandums of Understanding) to implement agreements on the day of withdrawal. About a quarter of the EU`s international agreements have been considered joint agreements, as they cover the shared competences between the EU and member states. This means that they have been ratified separately by EU member states and approved at EU level. While the agreements only apply to the EU after the EU withdrawal, some legal experts have suggested that aspects of the mixed agreements could continue to apply. However, the EU said that all agreements would no longer apply. The EU has concluded more than a thousand international agreements with third countries, covering trade, aviation, nuclear cooperation and other issues.
These no longer apply to the UK when it leaves the EU. The government has identified 157 agreements with non-EU countries that it is seeking to replace in the event of a non-Brexit deal. Some agreements have already been concluded, but most of them are in progress and some will not be in force by the day scheduled for Brexit on 31 October. The government has said such high figures are misleading and that not all contracts would require measures to maintain continuity after Brexit. Some of these treaties have been replaced, are redundant or no longer relevant to the United Kingdom, and there are also several agreements that could be considered an agreement. In some cases, the United Kingdom itself has signed agreements and therefore does not need new agreements. The government issued a technical opinion on existing trade agreements in the absence of an agreement in October 2018.